The Zarathushtrian teachings were later elaborated and illustrated with mythological motifs, many of them borrowed from the pre-Zoroastrian Indo-Iranian gods and goddesses, as well as myths of cosmic conflict from ancient Mesopotamia. The Jewish idea of seven chief archangels probably has its inspiration in the seven Amesha Spentas, the highest guardian spirits of Zoroastrian belief.
This "Babylonian captivity" lasted almost fifty years. They had one central god but believed in other gods. The original statement of the famous Zoroastrian dualism of good and evil is found in the Gathas, where Zarathushtra describes the two conflicting principles of good and evil in what might be called psychological, or ethical terms.
It is in Christianity that the doctrine of the Devil is almost identical to the Zoroastrian concept. Judaism Meets Zoroastrianism by Lewis Loflin Judaism and Zoroastrianism are both revealed religions and share a great deal in common. Zoroastrian influence on Judaism is also evident in the evolution of Jewish ideas about good, evil, and the End of Time.
Heaven as a place of reward for the righteous, and hell as aplace of punishment. This interaction produced true monotheism, a more universal God, and imparted the strict purity laws into Judaism.
And also in the mass resurrection of the dead. Over half a century later we arrive at the Achaemenian King Artaxerxes whose name also appears in Hebrew Scriptures of Ezra verses 7: Mankind, according to each religion, is descended from a single couple, and Mashya man and Mashyana women are the Iranian Adam and Eve.
The priestly usage and archaic language of the Avesta scriptures would be a barrier to Jews. How does Zoroastrianism compare to Christianity? But despite these Jewish reflections of ethical dualism, it is the doctrine of "cosmic dualism," with its mythological and symbolic content, that most influenced the later Jewish thinkers.
The Jewish and Christian idea of a personal "guardian angel" may also have been inspired by the Zoroastrian figure of the fravashi, the divine guardian-spirit of each individual human being. Artaxerxes followed the tradition of benevolence towards the Jews as set by his ancestors.
Zoroastrianism also involves occult practices which are notacceptable in Christianity What are some similarities and differences between Judaism and Zoroastrianism? All religions borrow from their predecessors and adapt old material for their new dispensation, and Judaism is no exception.
I set before you life or death, blessing or curse. To these believers, the "seeds of wisdom" are found in every religion, including paganism and Zoroastrianism.
Zoroastrian eschatological teachings-the doctrines of a regenerate world, a perfect kingdom, the coming of a Messiah, the resurrection of the dead, and the life everlasting are nearly identical to Christianity.
He advocated denying the flesh to free the spirit and had an influence on early Christian saints in particular St.
How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! In the years of Exile, the adaptable Jewish people had established themselves in Mesopotamia, settling there and engaging in business and even politics.
The New Testamant reports Jews persecuted Christians; after Christians became the more powerful group, they frequently persecuted Jews. The priestly usage and archaic language of the Avesta scriptures would be a barrier to Jews. This Zoroastrian connection becomes even more evident in the writings of Jewish sects, such as the Essenes.
Andthese wayward Jews who experimented in polytheism were sinners, notrepresentative of normative Judaism even then. This is especially true in the text known as the "Essene Manual of Discipline," which, like the apocalyptic texts, describes a war between the Spirit of Light and the Spirit of Darkness, as well as the Spirit of Truth and the Spirit of Error, and an ultimate End-Time when the battle will be won.
Most scholars believe that Judaism was strongly influenced by Zoroastrianism in views relating to angiology, demonology, and resurrection. Later Zoroastrianism also teaches of a specific sacred time-line, a historical structure for the created world.
The Jewish apocalyptic idea of the End of Time, as well as a final Judgment by God when that End arrives, owes a great deal to Zoroastrian thinking.
Gnosticism was a brooding, angry belief system that saw the world and flesh as evil and sought to destroy it to bring on some Kingdom of God in one form or another.
One of the words for "heaven" in the Bible is Paradise - and this word, from the ancient Iranian words pairi-daeza, "enclosed garden," is one of the very few definite Persian loan-words in the Bible. The tradition would also include the well-known Zoroastrian symbolism of fire, light and darkness, as well as stories and prayers about the yazatas or intermediate spiritual beings and the Prophet Zarathushtra.
The Jewish concept of God as their tribal protector, who would save them from being conquered or exiled, had to undergo revision. Revelation and God's Commandments ruled all. But then another question arises: An interesting notion in Jewish moral thought which may have been somewhat inspired by Zoroastrian ethical dualism is the idea of the "evil impulse" and the "good impulse" Hebrew, "yetzer tov, " good impulse, and "yetzer hara," evil impulse.
And in Zoroastrianism with the birth of Saoshyant. It is highly unlikely that Jewish scholars and thinkers ever directly encountered Zoroastrian scriptures such as the Gathas the founding text of the Zoroastrian faith, attributed to the Prophet Zarathushtra himself or the Yashts hymns of praise to various intermediate deities and guardian spirits, adapted from pre- Zarathushtrian mythology.
True monotheism would come later.Here is where Zoroastrianism and Christianity part ways with Rabbinic Judaism and Islam. To the former, God has a plurality of characters that make up His being, while to the latter, God has a strict oneness, or monopersonality. Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity.
As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam holds many beliefs and practices in common with Judaism and Christianity.
Judaism is created by Abraham BCE and his descendants of Issac and Jacob. The Law: the 10 Commandments was given to Moses (and Jews who left Egyptian slavery) in c, BCE to return to Israel and follow God's will.
Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the Babi/Bahá'í Faith are all part of what Marshall Hodgson has called the Irano-Semitic Tradition. They all share the belief that there is a one powerful and good Creator of the cosmos, both physical and spiritual, not reducible to any image, visible or mental, who has revealed the path for.
Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism. Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity. As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam holds many beliefs and practices in common with Judaism and Christianity.
One monotheistic religion that predated all these religions is Zoroastrianism. On the one hand, it is certain that the ties between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, are very deep, as they are all descended from the prophet Abraham.
On the other hand, elements exist in Christianity and Islam that were first seen in Zoroastrianism, and had no foundation in Judaism.Download