In Old English the verb to have, used as the predicate in the sentence, was sometimes followed by direct object with participle II of a transitive verb attached to it on the function of a predicative adjective.
The distinction between present perfect and past simple is difficult to explain in terms of rules because the rules are quite complex.
Has she not worked? A noun is said to be in the neuter gender if it refers to a member of a species which is neither a male nor a female. I went to the University here for four years and got a degree.
The nature of this tense seems to be familiar for the learners of English at first sight, but there are many exceptions and special cases of their use. Where did I leave my hat?
In this case the use of the Past Indefinite is very common. The indefinite article is used when an object is just named e. You are coming round. Glue me a book. The Use of the Present Perfect. Objects noted for their power, strength, and violence are used as Masculine gender nouns.
Background scene setting, particularly in stories, is often expressed in the past progressive. It is used to express an accomplished action which is viewed from the moment of speaking as part of the present situation. There is a very regular distinction in English which is marked by that versus now, there versus here, that versus thin, and past tense versus present tense.
It is noteworthy that to be acquires this meaning only if used in the Present Perfect or the Past Perfect. But she has seemed so much better since you started the injections. With terminative verbs the use of both forms is possible, Cf. As to general questions, the Present Perfect as well as the Past Indefinite may be found in them because they may inquire either about new facts which are important for the present or about events that are definite in the mind of the speaker.
When we choose different elements, we get different verb forms. The forms of the verb used in statements about hypothetical i. As the state of the object written was the result of the accomplished action, the mind of the speaker began to be interested in he action.
That is not characteristic of the English language as it is sufficient to use the Present Perfect alone to express an accomplished action. Changes the tense to present and we get I eat. The functions of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite may be in a way compared with those of the indefinite and the definite articles.
The difference is in the perception, not the grammar. It was from constructions where the subject of the sentence was the doer of the action denoted by the past participle, that the modern English perfect form developed.
It should be noted that sometimes an adverbial modifier of place points to a past period of time. The choice depends on the meaning to be conveyed. As a survival of the old constriction, to be is still used when the state is stressed: Care should be taken to distinguish between the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite when the period of duration is expressed by a prepositional phrase with for.
But they are used only as neuter-nouns. A noun is said to be in the feminine gender if it refers to a female member of a species. The door is locked, etc. The death is cruel. The work is done. It is formed by means of the auxiliary verb to have in the required tense and Participle II of the notional verb.
In many cases, the choice between the two is almost arbitrary. The masculine-genders and their respective feminine-genders have been given below for your reference. I have been taught to do it. Note the use of the Past Indefinite with just now.Summary Explaning English Grammar - Tense and Aspect J.
A SUMMARY TENSE AND ASPECT Overview Some basic meaning distinctions between different tense forms are offered in terms of the REMOTE (or not) and FACTUAL (or not) status of perceived situations including notes on the future, time expressions, and the HISTORICAL PRESENT.
And really understanding the rules of English grammar is an important step to really learning English. For English Grammar Exercises, you can visit the English Grammar Exercises section.
For even more exercises, visit palmolive2day.com's English Grammar Exercises section. Summary Explaning English Grammar J.A SUMMARY TENSE AND ASPECT Overview Some basic meaning distinctions between different tense forms are offered in terms of the REMOTE (or not) and FACTUAL (or not) status of perceived situations including notes on the future, time expressions, and the.
English Grammar – Tenses – Overview of all the tenses in English A quick overview of ALL the main verb tenses in English. I explain which are the most important to master for effective communication at various language levels.
Selecting the correct verb tense and conjugating verbs correctly is tricky in English. Click on the verb tense to read more about how to form this tense and how it is used, or select a time to see the full list of tenses and references on that time. Introduction The theme of the present paper is “The Present Perfect”.
The main goal of the work is to identify the main features of the Present Perfect and to present the cases of its use, basing on the theoretical and scientific works of Russian, English linguists.Download