The defence of the English language implies more than this, and perhaps it is best to start by saying what it does not imply. The defence of the English language implies more than this, and perhaps it is best to start by saying what it does not imply. The words democracy, socialism, freedom, patriotic, realistic, justice have each of them several different meanings which cannot be reconciled with one another.
The will construct your sentences for you — even think your thoughts for you, to a certain extent — and at need they will perform the important service of partially concealing your meaning even from yourself.
Simple conjunctions and prepositions are replaced by such phrases as with respect to, having regard to, the fact that, by dint of, in view of, in the interests of, on the hypothesis that; and the ends of sentences are saved by anticlimax by such resounding commonplaces as greatly to be desired, cannot be left out of account, a development to be expected in the near future, deserving of serious consideration, brought to a satisfactory conclusion, and so on and so forth.
I am not, indeed, sure whether it is not true to say that the Milton who once seemed not unlike a seventeenth-century Shelley had not become, out of an experience ever more bitter in each year, more alien [sic] to the founder of that Jesuit sect which nothing could induce him to tolerate. Both reflect Orwell's concern with truth and how truth depends upon the use of language.
A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks.
Adjectives like epoch-making, epic, historic, unforgettable, triumphant, age-old, inevitable, inexorable, veritable, are used to dignify the sordid process of international politics, while writing that aims at glorifying war usually takes on an archaic colour, its characteristic words being: One could keep all of them and still write bad English, but one could not write the kind of stuff that I quoted in those five specimens at the beginning of this article.
The point is that the process is reversible. I list below, with notes and examples, various of the tricks by means of which the work of prose-construction is habitually dodged. Defenceless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside, the cattle machine-gunned, the huts set on fire with incendiary bullets: Still, if you or I were told to write a few lines on the uncertainty of human fortunes, we should probably come much nearer to my imaginary sentence than to the one from Ecclesiastes.
He criticizes the passages, stating that the incompetence and vagueness of such political writings desecrates correct English prose- construction. Such phraseology is needed if one wants to name things without calling up mental pictures of them.
This is a parody, but not a very gross one. The political dialects to be found in pamphlets, leading articles, manifestos, White papers and the speeches of undersecretaries do, of course, vary from party to party, but they are all alike in that one almost never finds in them a fresh, vivid, homemade turn of speech.
Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word, or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent. I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
Words like phenomenon, element, individual as nounobjective, categorical, effective, virtual, basic, primary, promote, constitute, exhibit, exploit, utilize, eliminate, liquidate, are used to dress up a simple statement and give an air of scientific impartiality to biased judgements.
As I have tried to show, modern writing at its worst does not consist in picking out words for the sake of their meaning and inventing images in order to make the meaning clearer.The Intro of the essay asserts the notion that the English language has been disfigured by the human race and is on the residual decline as a resultant.
Mr. Orwell attributes this downfall to politics and economic causes but goes on to outline his remedy to correct what he refers to as a “reversible” process. Politics and the English Language - University of Washington.
George Orwell Politics and the English Language Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it. “Politics and the English Language,” though written inremains timely for modern students of language.
In this essay, Orwell argues that the English language becomes “ugly and. Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble. "Politics and the English Language" was first noted in Orwell's payment book of 11 December The essay was originally published in the April issue of the journal Horizon (volume 13, issue 76, pages –); it was Orwell's last major article for the journal.Download